**The ideas contained in this post are the opinions of the writer and communicated without reference to supporting documentation. Any uses of “she” or “he” in the communication of ideas are not intended to covey sexual bias. Breakaway MHE Disclaimer
In this part of the presentation, you are presented with a model borrowed from Cognitive Appraisal Theory that gives you a way to break down the events of your life (in the way YOU experience of them) into smaller parts, therefore giving you a way to finally OPEN YOUR EYES to what’s real and live a better life. Making improvements to life and how it goes for you has a lot to do with being able to truly SEE what happening INSIDE as its happening. Much of the human population, including people who do not suffer from high-intensity emotions (and disorders like BPD) do not learn how to do this. In fact, most people tend to live their lives entirely blind to self, on “autopilot”, mindlessly moving from one experience to the next.
As your teacher and fellow human being who has endured the awfulness of full blown Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) I am here to inform you that learning this model will be one of your greatest tools in altering the BPD pattern into something less destructive. The basic premise is this: 1) things happen, 2) we think and feel about what happens, and 3) we react to what happens. Learn it, love it, embrace it!! I will show you how to imprint this model into your mind and to make it part of your everyday life, so that you can function much better.
When you experience your emotions in such a high-intensity way (as in cases of BPD) you cannot afford to live your life entirely blind to self, on “autopilot”, mindlessly moving from one experience to another. Living mindlessly like this as a sensitive being results in ongoing chaos, drama, and wasted time and energy, so no matter how hard you try to be caring and loving, you will still experience repeat instances of chaos and drama, and then be left asking “why me?”.
You wouldn’t be here if you hadn’t already become somewhat acquainted with the destructiveness of mismanaged thoughts and emotions in relationships and in other important areas of life. No doubt you have experienced the torture of being totally lost to yourself, of trying to make life work but it keeps turning into suffering. No doubt you know how much this sucks and you are seriously ready learn another way to live, right?! Good!! Let’s continue…
When “things happen” (an event) we instantly make an interpretation of that event. Making meaning of things is what we do as humans; it is automatic and “hardwired”, so to speak. When we make an interpretation, we are determining what the event means to us. The interpretation/meaning of each and every event of our lives is very personal and unique to our life experience, brain development, and personal knowledge base (including all past experiences, all past relationships, all past traumas, all things learned in school, cultural conditioning, morals held, values held, beliefs held, etc.).
The time-frame between an event happening and making an interpretation of the event is so lightning fast that we usually fail to notice we did something. Likewise, the time-frame between making an interpretation and experiencing an emotion is lighting fast, so it can seem like the emotion just came out of nowhere or was caused by something else other than us (another person, a place, a thing). However, the emotion and everything that flows from it isn’t caused by someone or something else other than us; it is entirely our own making. The outside world may influence the direction that our thoughts and emotions take, but it does not create them. WE DO IT TO OURSELVES. This reality can be hard to embrace! If you’re frustrated with this idea and you want to give up your learning, this is very understandable! But please don’t give up! You can do this!!
**Owning (and therefore taking responsibility for) these facts about making our own interpretations, and likewise for creating our own emotions, is one of the biggest milestones that can be reached by anyone learning about their mental health. Failing to embrace this concept will surely leave you stuck in a pattern of chaos and dysfunction within yourself and with the world, possibly indefinitely. The good news is that you can make life better as you learn how to take this type of responsibility.**
The “ST” part of the model refers to “self-talk”. Self-talk happens when we are in the midst of experiencing our emotions. These are all the things we say to ourselves (or out loud) so as to try and make a case for our interpretations. Our self-talk is often used to convince ourselves and others that our interpretations are “the only possible interpretations”. While we are engaged in self-talk, it is very common to start making many judgments about our ourselves (or others). Self-talk can also include many of the “cognitive distortions” that we discussed in slide set 2 and slide set 3 of STEP 3.
When we have convinced ourselves that our interpretations are “the one and only way of looking at things”, then we usually react (in other words, do something) and therefore create a new event. You can probably start to imagine how much our thoughts and emotions can pile on top of one another as the events of our life unfold. Indeed, it can be overwhelming and exhausting! Below is one such example of how I succumbed to my thinking and feeling traps, and how I also used the model to find my way out…
In my example above, I was driving to work in the morning as per my usual routine. In the oncoming lane was a school bus that had stopped and had the little red stop sign extended (you know, that sign attached to the left side of the bus, right behind the bus driver?). Of course this little stop sign means that drivers coming from both behind and in front have to stop and wait for kids to cross the street. My unintentional mistake that day was to drive right through the little stop sign from a school bus that was stopped in the oncoming lane, and I only realized what I had done after the bus driver had honked at me. Luckily no harm was done to anyone. This is an example of an event.
As soon as the bus driver honked at me and I realized what I did, things started happening really fast in my thoughts and feelings. As you can see in the example, I started assuming lots of things, thinking in extremes, looking into the future, and turning a relatively small situation into a big catastrophe. I was feeling several emotions, but most predominantly fear and shame feelings. My self-talk followed a similar theme as my fist interpretation of the event and included several cognitive distortions, including mind-reading (MR), fortune-telling (FT), over-generalization (OG), labeling (LAB), magnification (MAG), and should-thoughts (ST).
Because I initially had a high level of belief in my cognitive distortions (that I was “for sure” in trouble) I felt the immediate urge to look up fine information on the internet, and so this action then became one of the next events in my life. I recall that in order to effectively slow things down and take a closer look at the situation… my thoughts, my feelings, and my behavioral urge, I needed to have a conversation with one of my co-workers. During the conversation with my co-worker, my feelings were noted and validated, and some of the facts I hadn’t considered (see below) were pointed out.
I used the model to see how everything played out, and as you can see, everything I thought and felt was truly ALL ME… all my creation. The bus (nor the bus driver) didn’t “make me” think or feel anything. I did all the thinking and feeling myself. My thoughts and feelings got triggered so fast (and I felt things so strongly) that it might have SEEMED like the bus and bus driver “made me” feel a certain way, but in reality they didn’t invade my head, didn’t force me to think anything, and therefore didn’t make me experience any particular emotions either.
Considering some of the facts about the situation and myself (not considered immediately at the time the event happened) it then became possible to think differently about things. You can see that I was able to use some of these unconsidered facts to make some adjustments to my thoughts, and therefore to become more rational in my thinking.
Instead of assuming the worst would inevitably be happening to me, I switched to acknowledging that nothing bad had yet happened, and that I can face whatever happens in the future, if indeed it happens. I also decided to be less hard on myself, since it’s truly not my pattern or intent to ignore driving rules, especially ITV it may potentially put children in danger. I also gave myself permission be an imperfect driver (and therefore human) when the situation includes something novel… something I haven’t seen or practiced in a while.
I switched from heavily judging myself (feelings of guilt and shame) to more appropriately feeling guilt and shame on a smaller scale, because no one in fact got hurt in the situation and I did not have intention to cause any harm. I started thinking about the situation as an opportunity to grow, and therefore what I might do differently next time to pay closer attention. I believe I found some contentedness in lowering my expectations for myself and accepting the world as it is, such that I understood everyone can be a little off in their judgment sometimes (stuff happens) but nonetheless we are sometimes still required to face the consequences of our actions, if consequences appear.